A recent post explained how the “quality” of business resources (customers, products, staff, capacity, intermediaries …) is just as important to performance as the quantity of each.
What I did not explain is HOW to manage that quality. To get your head around this, think about an analogy – you want a warmer bath – and then how that relates to improving the average quality of your customers (expressed as sales per customer).
You have 3 options. :
- Raise the quality of what you already have … heat up the water already in the bath; grow sales to existing customers.
- Add higher-quality resource … add hot water to your bath; win bigger customers than you currently have.
- Lose poor-quality resource … remove cold water from the bath (if that were physically possible!); close down smaller customers.
The average sales per customer is known as an “attribute” of the customer base. Other attributes may be their average profitability; their average cost-to-serve, and so on.
Visualise how customer quality changes … Think of the number of Customers in one ‘tank’, with customers won each period filling that tank, and customers lost each period draining it.
… and think of the Total sales those customers generate sitting in a parallel tank. The average customer quality (sales per customer) is Total sales divided by Customers.
Every customer you win brings with them their unique sales-rate; every customer you lose takes their sales rate away with them; every existing customer who buys more adds those sales to the total. Because each customer carries their size-attribute with them when they are won or lost, the structure is known as a “co-flow”.
Other resource-attributes too. The same analogy and structure works for attributes of other resources:
Raise the average experience of staff (years per person)
Raise the average appeal of products (customers-reached per product)
Raise the average efficiency of production capacity (output per machine per period)
Raise the average reach of dealers, stores etc (end-customers reached per dealer or store)
… and any resource may have more than one important attribute. For example – each of a bank’s loans has an amount-borrowed, an applicable interest-rate, a risk of default, and a remaining-term.
The methodology for actually modeling how resource-quality changes over time is a little tricky, but is fully explained in our extension-class 7.